Thursday, July 7, 2016
The EMP Threat to Canada and the USA
I found this article over at Nomad’s Survival Forum and it is an eye opener! It clearly describes what the devastating outcome would be if
Canada and the were targets of a natural Geo-Magnetic Disturbance (GMD) or manmade electromagnetic pulse (EMP) event. And now we have brief case size Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs) that can accomplish the same thing as an EMP but with localized damage such as a nuclear power generating plant. Thanks to the internet, someone with just half a brain cell can make an RFW in their apartment using over-the-counter parts. USA
Remember, when the grid goes down because of EMP, GMD or RFW’s, everything that uses electricity may stop working. This includes nuclear power generating plants. The reactors have back-up generators in case of a short term grid failure but the generators have electronic ignition, electronic fuel injection and overall are totally dependent on computers to operate. Those needed electronics will be also damaged by the EMP so there will be no way to run the cooling water pumps that cool the reactor core. The reactors will meltdown releasing radio active clouds contaminating all in its down-wind path.
“How devastating are these threats? The
Congressional EMP Commission estimated that a nationwide blackout lasting one year could kill up to 9 of 10 Americans by starvation, disease and societal collapse”. U.S.
These horrific events are going to happen someday thanks to our incompetent and arrogant, do nothing politicians. These events should be high on your prepping list. You can prep for these events!
This is chilling information and well worth your time to read it and learn from it.
Live Prepared, Mike
The EMP Threat to
Canada and the USA
Link to source: http://mackenzieinstitute.com/emp-threat-canada-2/
Canadians may be even less aware than the average
citizen of the existential threat posed by a natural or manmade electromagnetic pulse (EMP). An EMP is like a super-energetic radio wave, caused by a solar storm or by the high-altitude detonation of a nuclear weapon or by non-nuclear radiofrequency weapons that can black out electric grids, in the worst case for months or years, or perhaps permanently. An EMP induced protracted blackout would collapse all the critical infrastructures–for example, transportation, communications, industry and commerce, food and water–that sustain modern civilization and the lives of millions. U.S.
The U.S. Congressional EMP Commission estimated that a nationwide blackout lasting one year could kill up to 9 of 10 Americans by starvation, disease and societal collapse.
Canada has some unique characteristics that make it potentially more vulnerable to EMP than the , yet also more easily protected. United States
The sun can cause a natural EMP, called by electric utilities a Geo-Magnetic Disturbance (GMD). Coronal mass ejections traveling over one million miles per hour strike the Earth’s magnetosphere, generating geomagnetic storms every year. Usually these geo-storms are confined to nations at high northern latitudes and are not powerful enough to have catastrophic consequences.
Most worrisome is the rare solar super-storm, like the 1921 Railroad Storm, which happened before civilization became dependent for survival upon electricity. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences estimates that if the Railroad Storm were to recur today, there would be a blackout of the North American grid with recovery requiring
4-10 years, if recovery were possible at all.
The most powerful geomagnetic storm on record is the 1859 Carrington Event. Carrington was a worldwide phenomenon, causing forest fires from flaring telegraph lines, burning telegraph stations, and destroying the just laid intercontinental telegraph cable at the bottom of the
If a solar super-storm like the Carrington Event recurred today, it would collapse electric grids and life-sustaining critical infrastructures worldwide, putting at risk the lives of billions.
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in July 2014 reported that two years earlier, on July 23, 2012, the Earth narrowly escaped another Carrington Event. A Carrington-class coronal mass ejection crossed the path of the Earth, missing the planet by just three days. NASA assesses that the resulting geomagnetic storm would have had catastrophic consequences worldwide.
Recurrence of another Carrington Event, expected roughly once every 100-200 years, is overdue. NASA estimates the likelihood of such a geomagnetic super-storm is 12 percent per decade. This virtually guarantees that Earth will experience a catastrophic geomagnetic super-storm within our lifetime or that of our children.
Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs)
Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs) are much less powerful than nuclear weapons and much more localized in their effects, usually having a range of one kilometer or less. Terrorists, criminals, and even disgruntled individuals have already made localized EMP attacks using RFWs in Europe and
Asia. Probably sooner rather than later, the RFW threat will come to North America.
Reportedly, according to the Wall Street Journal (March 12, 2014), a study by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission warns that a terrorist attack that destroys just 9 key extra-high voltage (EHV) transformer substations (out of a total of 2,000) could cause a nationwide blackout of the United States lasting 18 months.
RFWs can also pose a significant threat to nuclear reactors by damaging control systems that could conceivably, in a worst case scenario, result in a meltdown of fuel rods in cooling ponds or within the nuclear reactor itself. Steam explosions and the release of radioactive contamination could result, as happened with the nuclear reactors in
, because they were blacked-out for several days, with no electricity to drive cooling pumps, following a tsunami. Fukushima, Japan
According to the
U.S. 9/11 Commission Report, one of the targets originally considered for attack by jetliner on September 11, 2001 was a nuclear reactor. U.S.
Months before the
Toronto arrests, a reliable source with information on Iran’s support of international terrorism, alleged there was a terror cell in Toronto planning to hijack a jet to crash into the Seabrook nuclear reactor, located about 40 miles north of . The plotters allegedly hoped to create a radioactive plume that would contaminate Boston New England. This alleged plot, that might have been part of a more ambitious “12th Imam Operation” meant to eclipse and surpass in destruction the 9/11 attacks, is detailed in the book Countdown To Terror by then Rep. Curt Weldon. Weldon was Vice Chairman of both the House Armed Services Committee and the House Homeland Security Committee in the U.S. Congress.
Radio-Frequency Weapons might well become the weapon of choice for terrorists, instead of hijacked jetliners, for attacking nuclear reactors and power grids, if only because they are easier to obtain. They can be built by an individual with some knowledge of electronics, using design information available on the internet, and parts available from any electronics store. Powerful EMP generators, intended for industrial use as a diagnostic tool, but useable as a weapon of mass destruction, can be purchased mail order by anyone.
RFWs offer significant advantages over guns, bombs, or crashed jetliners for attacking electric grids. EMP fields can cause widespread damage of electronics, so precision targeting is much less necessary. And unlike damage from guns, bombs, or a crashed jet, an attack by RFWs is much less conspicuous, and may even be misconstrued as an unusual accident arising from faulty components and systemic failure.
Some documented examples of successful attacks using Radio-Frequency Weapons, and accidents involving electromagnetic transients, are described in the U.S. Department of Defense Pocket Guide for Security Procedures and Protocols for Mitigating Radio Frequency Threats (Technical Support Working Group, Directed Energy Technical Office,
): Dahlgren Naval Surface Warfare Center
, an individual disrupted a local bank’s computer network because he was turned down for a loan. He constructed a Radio Frequency Weapon the size of a briefcase, which he learned how to build from the Internet. Bank officials did not even realize that they had been attacked or what had happened until long after the event.” Netherlands
, Chechen rebels used a Radio Frequency Weapon to defeat a Russian security system and gain access to a controlled area.” Russia
–“In the late 1980s, a large explosion occurred at a 36-inch diameter natural gas pipeline in the
. A SCADA system, located about one mile from the naval Netherlands , was affected by a naval radar. The RF energy from the radar caused the SCADA system to open and close a large gas flow-control valve at the radar scan frequency, resulting in pressure waves that traveled down the pipe and eventually caused the pipeline to explode.” port of Den Helder
North Korea used a Radio-Frequency Weapon, purchased from Russia, to attack airliners and impose an “electromagnetic blockade” on air traffic to ’s capitol. The repeated attacks by RFW also disrupted communications and the operation of automobiles in several South Korean cities in December 2010; March 9, 2011; and April-May 2012 as reported in “Massive GPS Jamming Attack By North Korea” (GPSWORLD.COM, May 8, 2012). Seoul, South Korea
The EMP Commission found that virtually any nuclear weapon–even a primitive, low-yield atomic bomb such as terrorists might build–would suffice to make a catastrophic EMP attack. The electric grid and other civilian critical infrastructures have never been hardened to survive EMP.
The iconic EMP attack detonates a single warhead about 300-500 kilometers high over the center of the
U.S., generating an EMP field over all 48 contiguous . Such an EMP attack could be made by a missile or nuclear-armed satellite. United States North Korea and have both apparently practiced this scenario, orbiting satellites on the optimum trajectories and altitudes to evade U.S. National Missile Defenses and, if the satellites carried a nuclear weapon, make an EMP attack. Iran
Another EMP scenario detonates a nuclear weapon 30 kilometers high anywhere over the eastern half of the
, which would collapse the Eastern Grid. The Eastern Grid generates 75 percent of U.S. electricity and supports most of the national population. Such an attack could be made by a short-range Scud missile launched off a freighter, by a jet fighter or small private jet doing a zoom climb, or even by a meteorological balloon. U.S.
In another scenario, an adversary makes an EMP attack on the U.S. National Missile Defenses in
. In yet another scenario, Alaska U.S. missile defenses fail to intercept a nuclear warhead until it is near or over , and then the warhead is salvage-fused for EMP attack. In these scenarios, Canada inadvertently becomes the focus of a nuclear EMP event. Canada
In still another scenario, during some supreme international crisis between the
U.S. and a nuclear-armed adversary, the adversary deliberately makes a nuclear EMP attack on Canada as a demonstration of its resolve, to deter the and “de-escalate” the crisis. U.S.
The EMP Commission recommended an “all hazards” strategy to protect
North America by addressing the worst threat–nuclear EMP attack. Nuclear EMP is worse than natural EMP and the EMP from RFWs because it combines several threats in one. Nuclear EMP has a long-wavelength component like a geomagnetic super-storm, a short-wavelength component like Radio-Frequency Weapons, a mid-wavelength component like lightning–and is potentially more powerful and can do deeper damage than all three.
Protecting the electric grid and other critical infrastructures from nuclear EMP attack will also protect against a Carrington Event and RFWs. Moreover, protecting against nuclear EMP will also protect the grid and other critical infrastructures from the worst over-voltages that may be generated by severe weather, physical sabotage, or cyber-attacks.
should be able to relatively inexpensively protect most of its electric power by EMP hardening its hydro-electric plants. Canada
Highest priority probably should be given to EMP hardening
Canada’s 18 nuclear power plants, which pose a potential radioactive hazard to populous . The CANDU nuclear reactors, designed in Ontario Canada, can also be re-wired to safely operate through a blackout, instead of shutting down, thereby keeping the lights on in . Ontario
Canada’s hydro-power, which generates 64 percent of the nation’s electricity, and nuclear power, which generates 15 percent, would secure 79 percent of ’s electrical energy–more than enough to survive and rapidly recover from an EMP catastrophe. Canada
Nonetheless, it would be wise to protect the coal-fired plants (13 percent of
’s electricity) so they will not explode from an EMP. Coal largely powers Canada Alberta, Nova Scotia, and . Saskatchewan
Natural gas pipelines and power plants (6 percent of
’s electricity) should be EMP hardened to avert gas explosions and firestorms. Canada
This article was originally published in the first edition of The Mackenzie Institute magazine “Security Matters”. Please click here to view the magazine.