Thursday, July 28, 2016
On July 31, 2016 I will be pulling the plug and closing down Living Prepared. I’ve been at it for 8 years and had over 1.1 million page views, and I’m still amazed at that number. I truly hope I have helped those who stopped by.
As any blogger would agree, it takes a lot of time to put articles with tested methods of prepping together and at 70 years old, time is what I’m running short of.
I want to spend the rest of my free and healthy time that is left, which is good now, doing stuff for myself like van traveling, surf fishing and preparing for the coming disastrous results of 40 years of a corrupt to the core Congress who are shallow thinking, selfish, thoughtless, arrogant, anti-American, anti-Constitution and totally disrespectful to the Patriot Tax Payers.
The anti-American government is coming….. If your favorites in the Senate and House of Representatives are in office now ’’’’vote them out’’’’ because they have had years to fix our issues and didn’t. They are the problem, such as McCain, Rubio, Cruz, Boxer, Feinstein, Reid, Pelosi, especially Clinton and all the other lying scum. Hold you nose and vote them out of office or you and your children WILL face the consequences very soon.
Good luck to all because we will need it, and as Pioneer Preppy says in his closings,
“Keep Prepping Everyone!!!!!!”
I will keep the addresses of the blogs I follow and drop in once in a while and maybe with a comment or two.
Thank you all, it has been fun.
Monday, July 25, 2016
I was given a box of chocolate chip cookie mix to try out, which I did. During my testing of various mixes, my hands down winner is the Wal-Mart brand of, Chocolate Chip, Peanut Butter and Sugar Cookie mixes. Why? Because these mixes make twice the amount of cookies of the other brands at almost half the cost and they are excellent tasting!! Shelf-Life for all the mixes I’ve tried is one year although with proper storage conditions I would store much longer than that. Keep a few extra mixes on the pantry shelf. Remember during a sustained disaster event, treats will be a priceless morale booster and these premade mixes make it easy to do.
Here’s the latest mix I tried. Nestlé Toll House.
Well, this is the first time I’ve seen “made with GMO ingredients” on a cookie mix box! We probably will never have a choice about what we eat now and in the future.
Then to make matters even worse than the high price, on the back of the box they say “ do not consume raw batter”! You’ve got to be kidding, that’s the best part of making cookies. I grew up on raw cookie batter and still alive and well.
Good, with a slightly stronger taste of brown sugar, but not near as good a value as Wal-Mart mixes.
Sunday, July 17, 2016
Is bigger wire gauge better? For low voltage DC, Yes! Get every watt you can from your system by simply using bigger wires.
I wanted to find out if bigger gauge wires really made a difference with the amount of amps delivered to the batteries.
My System as First Set-Up:
Is a simple 200 watt system, two 100 watt panels, similar to what is being used by van-dwellers and RV’s. My controller is 12 feet from the panels and by most wire size charts available allow the use of #10 wire from the panels to the controller. The wire used from the controller to the batteries was #8.
My System Re-Wire:
I kept the length of wires the same but used #4 welding cable from the panels to the controller and #4 wire from the controller to the batteries. #4 cable was used to keep the voltage loss to a minimum. All connections are made with typical ‘crimp style connectors’.
Most hardware and big box stores have a good selection of connectors for #4 wire. The use of ‘welding cable’ is not necessary, but it’s far more flexible and easy to work with than household stranded wire at only a few cents more per foot.
The Results are Stunning:
I actually ‘Doubled’ the amps to my batteries just by using the larger gauge wire! I now have 68 amps of useable power everyday to run fans, lights, radio, TV, recharge my ‘AA’ Batteries and even a 12v refrigerator. For test comparison accuracy I used a 750 watt electric heater for a few minutes at a time to maintain a 12.2 volt battery state of discharge between the hours of logging the results.
The chart below shows the amps to the battery readings on clear sunny
days. The chart shows the hour of day and the delivered amps using #10 wire compared with using #4 wire and the amps delivered at the same hour of day: Florida
Time #10ga #4ga
7:00am 0.0 0.0
8:00am 0.2 1.1
9:00am 0.3 1.9
10:00am 2.1 4.2
11:00am 4.0 8.8
12:00pm 5.0 9.7
1:00pm 5.6 12.0
2:00pm 5.1 10.2
3:00pm 4.2 8.1
4:00pm 1.7 6.0
5:00pm 1.5 4.1
6:00pm 0.3 2.0
7:00pm 0.0 0.0
Results: 30.0 vs 68.1 Total amps delivered for the day.
Large wire sizing and solid connections are critical to get every watt from your solar panels and may save you from buying unnecessary panels to deliver more amps.
Monday, July 11, 2016
I had two questions about my solar panels that needed expert answers to. For the answers, I went directly to the manufacturer of my panels, Grape Solar in
. To get the answers I spoke with their Technical Help, an Electrical Engineer at 1-877-264-1014 for the answers to my questions. California
(1) I plan on traveling, leaving the house empty and unattended for 30-90 days in length multiple times a year. I needed to know what is a safe way to leave the solar system during that time, operating or disconnect the panels?
Grape Solar said no, do not disconnect the panels but instead leave a light load on the system such as a small inverter or a 12-volt night light hooked up directly to the batteries.
(2) Will solar panels be damaged by an EMP (Electro Magnetic Pulse) event?
Grape Solar said the panels should not be affected by an EMP Event. If not already, ground the frames to a typical 8-foot ground rod driven into the ground. However, the rest of the components connected with long wires will probably be damage!
Thursday, July 7, 2016
I found this article over at Nomad’s Survival Forum and it is an eye opener! It clearly describes what the devastating outcome would be if
Canada and the were targets of a natural Geo-Magnetic Disturbance (GMD) or manmade electromagnetic pulse (EMP) event. And now we have brief case size Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs) that can accomplish the same thing as an EMP but with localized damage such as a nuclear power generating plant. Thanks to the internet, someone with just half a brain cell can make an RFW in their apartment using over-the-counter parts. USA
Remember, when the grid goes down because of EMP, GMD or RFW’s, everything that uses electricity may stop working. This includes nuclear power generating plants. The reactors have back-up generators in case of a short term grid failure but the generators have electronic ignition, electronic fuel injection and overall are totally dependent on computers to operate. Those needed electronics will be also damaged by the EMP so there will be no way to run the cooling water pumps that cool the reactor core. The reactors will meltdown releasing radio active clouds contaminating all in its down-wind path.
“How devastating are these threats? The
Congressional EMP Commission estimated that a nationwide blackout lasting one year could kill up to 9 of 10 Americans by starvation, disease and societal collapse”. U.S.
These horrific events are going to happen someday thanks to our incompetent and arrogant, do nothing politicians. These events should be high on your prepping list. You can prep for these events!
This is chilling information and well worth your time to read it and learn from it.
Live Prepared, Mike
The EMP Threat to
Canada and the USA
Link to source: http://mackenzieinstitute.com/emp-threat-canada-2/
Canadians may be even less aware than the average
citizen of the existential threat posed by a natural or manmade electromagnetic pulse (EMP). An EMP is like a super-energetic radio wave, caused by a solar storm or by the high-altitude detonation of a nuclear weapon or by non-nuclear radiofrequency weapons that can black out electric grids, in the worst case for months or years, or perhaps permanently. An EMP induced protracted blackout would collapse all the critical infrastructures–for example, transportation, communications, industry and commerce, food and water–that sustain modern civilization and the lives of millions. U.S.
The U.S. Congressional EMP Commission estimated that a nationwide blackout lasting one year could kill up to 9 of 10 Americans by starvation, disease and societal collapse.
Canada has some unique characteristics that make it potentially more vulnerable to EMP than the , yet also more easily protected. United States
The sun can cause a natural EMP, called by electric utilities a Geo-Magnetic Disturbance (GMD). Coronal mass ejections traveling over one million miles per hour strike the Earth’s magnetosphere, generating geomagnetic storms every year. Usually these geo-storms are confined to nations at high northern latitudes and are not powerful enough to have catastrophic consequences.
Most worrisome is the rare solar super-storm, like the 1921 Railroad Storm, which happened before civilization became dependent for survival upon electricity. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences estimates that if the Railroad Storm were to recur today, there would be a blackout of the North American grid with recovery requiring
4-10 years, if recovery were possible at all.
The most powerful geomagnetic storm on record is the 1859 Carrington Event. Carrington was a worldwide phenomenon, causing forest fires from flaring telegraph lines, burning telegraph stations, and destroying the just laid intercontinental telegraph cable at the bottom of the
If a solar super-storm like the Carrington Event recurred today, it would collapse electric grids and life-sustaining critical infrastructures worldwide, putting at risk the lives of billions.
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in July 2014 reported that two years earlier, on July 23, 2012, the Earth narrowly escaped another Carrington Event. A Carrington-class coronal mass ejection crossed the path of the Earth, missing the planet by just three days. NASA assesses that the resulting geomagnetic storm would have had catastrophic consequences worldwide.
Recurrence of another Carrington Event, expected roughly once every 100-200 years, is overdue. NASA estimates the likelihood of such a geomagnetic super-storm is 12 percent per decade. This virtually guarantees that Earth will experience a catastrophic geomagnetic super-storm within our lifetime or that of our children.
Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs)
Radio-Frequency Weapons (RFWs) are much less powerful than nuclear weapons and much more localized in their effects, usually having a range of one kilometer or less. Terrorists, criminals, and even disgruntled individuals have already made localized EMP attacks using RFWs in Europe and
Asia. Probably sooner rather than later, the RFW threat will come to North America.
Reportedly, according to the Wall Street Journal (March 12, 2014), a study by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission warns that a terrorist attack that destroys just 9 key extra-high voltage (EHV) transformer substations (out of a total of 2,000) could cause a nationwide blackout of the United States lasting 18 months.
RFWs can also pose a significant threat to nuclear reactors by damaging control systems that could conceivably, in a worst case scenario, result in a meltdown of fuel rods in cooling ponds or within the nuclear reactor itself. Steam explosions and the release of radioactive contamination could result, as happened with the nuclear reactors in
, because they were blacked-out for several days, with no electricity to drive cooling pumps, following a tsunami. Fukushima, Japan
According to the
U.S. 9/11 Commission Report, one of the targets originally considered for attack by jetliner on September 11, 2001 was a nuclear reactor. U.S.
Months before the
Toronto arrests, a reliable source with information on Iran’s support of international terrorism, alleged there was a terror cell in Toronto planning to hijack a jet to crash into the Seabrook nuclear reactor, located about 40 miles north of . The plotters allegedly hoped to create a radioactive plume that would contaminate Boston New England. This alleged plot, that might have been part of a more ambitious “12th Imam Operation” meant to eclipse and surpass in destruction the 9/11 attacks, is detailed in the book Countdown To Terror by then Rep. Curt Weldon. Weldon was Vice Chairman of both the House Armed Services Committee and the House Homeland Security Committee in the U.S. Congress.
Radio-Frequency Weapons might well become the weapon of choice for terrorists, instead of hijacked jetliners, for attacking nuclear reactors and power grids, if only because they are easier to obtain. They can be built by an individual with some knowledge of electronics, using design information available on the internet, and parts available from any electronics store. Powerful EMP generators, intended for industrial use as a diagnostic tool, but useable as a weapon of mass destruction, can be purchased mail order by anyone.
RFWs offer significant advantages over guns, bombs, or crashed jetliners for attacking electric grids. EMP fields can cause widespread damage of electronics, so precision targeting is much less necessary. And unlike damage from guns, bombs, or a crashed jet, an attack by RFWs is much less conspicuous, and may even be misconstrued as an unusual accident arising from faulty components and systemic failure.
Some documented examples of successful attacks using Radio-Frequency Weapons, and accidents involving electromagnetic transients, are described in the U.S. Department of Defense Pocket Guide for Security Procedures and Protocols for Mitigating Radio Frequency Threats (Technical Support Working Group, Directed Energy Technical Office,
): Dahlgren Naval Surface Warfare Center
, an individual disrupted a local bank’s computer network because he was turned down for a loan. He constructed a Radio Frequency Weapon the size of a briefcase, which he learned how to build from the Internet. Bank officials did not even realize that they had been attacked or what had happened until long after the event.” Netherlands
, Chechen rebels used a Radio Frequency Weapon to defeat a Russian security system and gain access to a controlled area.” Russia
–“In the late 1980s, a large explosion occurred at a 36-inch diameter natural gas pipeline in the
. A SCADA system, located about one mile from the naval Netherlands , was affected by a naval radar. The RF energy from the radar caused the SCADA system to open and close a large gas flow-control valve at the radar scan frequency, resulting in pressure waves that traveled down the pipe and eventually caused the pipeline to explode.” port of Den Helder
North Korea used a Radio-Frequency Weapon, purchased from Russia, to attack airliners and impose an “electromagnetic blockade” on air traffic to ’s capitol. The repeated attacks by RFW also disrupted communications and the operation of automobiles in several South Korean cities in December 2010; March 9, 2011; and April-May 2012 as reported in “Massive GPS Jamming Attack By North Korea” (GPSWORLD.COM, May 8, 2012). Seoul, South Korea
The EMP Commission found that virtually any nuclear weapon–even a primitive, low-yield atomic bomb such as terrorists might build–would suffice to make a catastrophic EMP attack. The electric grid and other civilian critical infrastructures have never been hardened to survive EMP.
The iconic EMP attack detonates a single warhead about 300-500 kilometers high over the center of the
U.S., generating an EMP field over all 48 contiguous . Such an EMP attack could be made by a missile or nuclear-armed satellite. United States North Korea and have both apparently practiced this scenario, orbiting satellites on the optimum trajectories and altitudes to evade U.S. National Missile Defenses and, if the satellites carried a nuclear weapon, make an EMP attack. Iran
Another EMP scenario detonates a nuclear weapon 30 kilometers high anywhere over the eastern half of the
, which would collapse the Eastern Grid. The Eastern Grid generates 75 percent of U.S. electricity and supports most of the national population. Such an attack could be made by a short-range Scud missile launched off a freighter, by a jet fighter or small private jet doing a zoom climb, or even by a meteorological balloon. U.S.
In another scenario, an adversary makes an EMP attack on the U.S. National Missile Defenses in
. In yet another scenario, Alaska U.S. missile defenses fail to intercept a nuclear warhead until it is near or over , and then the warhead is salvage-fused for EMP attack. In these scenarios, Canada inadvertently becomes the focus of a nuclear EMP event. Canada
In still another scenario, during some supreme international crisis between the
U.S. and a nuclear-armed adversary, the adversary deliberately makes a nuclear EMP attack on Canada as a demonstration of its resolve, to deter the and “de-escalate” the crisis. U.S.
The EMP Commission recommended an “all hazards” strategy to protect
North America by addressing the worst threat–nuclear EMP attack. Nuclear EMP is worse than natural EMP and the EMP from RFWs because it combines several threats in one. Nuclear EMP has a long-wavelength component like a geomagnetic super-storm, a short-wavelength component like Radio-Frequency Weapons, a mid-wavelength component like lightning–and is potentially more powerful and can do deeper damage than all three.
Protecting the electric grid and other critical infrastructures from nuclear EMP attack will also protect against a Carrington Event and RFWs. Moreover, protecting against nuclear EMP will also protect the grid and other critical infrastructures from the worst over-voltages that may be generated by severe weather, physical sabotage, or cyber-attacks.
should be able to relatively inexpensively protect most of its electric power by EMP hardening its hydro-electric plants. Canada
Highest priority probably should be given to EMP hardening
Canada’s 18 nuclear power plants, which pose a potential radioactive hazard to populous . The CANDU nuclear reactors, designed in Ontario Canada, can also be re-wired to safely operate through a blackout, instead of shutting down, thereby keeping the lights on in . Ontario
Canada’s hydro-power, which generates 64 percent of the nation’s electricity, and nuclear power, which generates 15 percent, would secure 79 percent of ’s electrical energy–more than enough to survive and rapidly recover from an EMP catastrophe. Canada
Nonetheless, it would be wise to protect the coal-fired plants (13 percent of
’s electricity) so they will not explode from an EMP. Coal largely powers Canada Alberta, Nova Scotia, and . Saskatchewan
Natural gas pipelines and power plants (6 percent of
’s electricity) should be EMP hardened to avert gas explosions and firestorms. Canada
This article was originally published in the first edition of The Mackenzie Institute magazine “Security Matters”. Please click here to view the magazine.
Monday, July 4, 2016
For a Nuclear Release Accident or on Purpose.
IOSAT pills: (aka ‘KI’)
I have been putting off buying them for no logical reason, just they’re at the end of my need to have list. I live within a few miles from three Navy Nuke bases and down wind of several nuke generating plants. Because of the bases and reactors proximity the pills should have been at the top of my list. Almost all our reactor generating facilities are well past their prime condition and not surprising under influence of political Super PAC money. A combination almost guaranteeing accidents such as;
Chernobyl, Three Mile Island and to name a few. No doubt many more accidents or destructive opportunities are in the future, especially with N. Korea and Middle East countries having the ability to either buy, make and deliver nukes be it a destructive bombing of a reactor causing a release or simply a dirty bomb. Fukushima
IOSAT pills are very cheap at $6.50 for 14 pills or $13.00 for two adult people for 14 days and longer (smaller dosage) for children. The shelf life advertised is seven (7) years and dosing one pill, once a day (24 hours) as recommended gives you 14 days to escape the contaminated area.
Where I purchased them link:
And more information to answer any questions you may have about “KI” pills!
Q&A about IOSAT from the NRC link:
Consumer Package Insert Says:
IOSATTM (Potassium Iodide Tablets USP, 130 mg) (Abbreviated KI)
Take potassium iodide (KI) only when public officials tell you. In a nuclear radiation emergency, radioactive iodine could be released into the air. KI protects only the thyroid gland from uptake of radioactive iodine. Therefore, KI should be used along with other emergency measures that will be recommended to you by public officials. If you are told to take this medicine, take it 1 time every 24 hours. Do not take it more often. More KI will not help you. Too much KI may increase the chances of side effects. Do not take this medicine if you know you are allergic to iodine (see SIDE EFFECTS below).
Each white, round, cross-scored—the name IOSAT stamped on one side—tablet contains 130 mg of potassium iodide.
IOSAT (Potassium iodide tablet, USP) is a thyroid blocking medicine that is used in a nuclear radiation emergency only.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
Use only as directed by public officials if a nuclear radiation emergency happens.
Adults over 18 years:
1 tablet (whole or crushed) every day (130 mg)
Children over 12 years to 18 years:
1 tablet (whole or crushed) every day (130 mg) who weigh at least 150 pounds
Children over 12 years to 18 years:
1/2 tablet (whole or crushed) or 4 teaspoonfuls who weigh less than 150 pounds every day (65 mg)
Children over 3 years to 12 years:
1/2 tablet (whole or crushed) or 4 teaspoonfuls every day (65 mg)
Children over 1 month to 3 years:
2 teaspoonfuls every day (32.5 mg)
Babies at birth to 1 month:
1 teaspoonful every day (16.25 mg)
Tablets can be crushed and mixed in many liquids. To take the tablet in liquid solution, use dosing directions under Making a Potassium Iodide Liquid Mixture.
Take KI every day (every 24 hours) as directed by public officials. Do not take more than 1 dose in 24 hours. More will not help you. Too much medicine may increase the chances of side effects.
Making a Potassium Iodide Liquid Mixture:
1. Put one 130 mg KI tablet into a small bowl and grind it into a fine powder using the back of a metal teaspoon against the inside of the bowl. The powder should not have any large pieces.
2. Add 4 teaspoonfuls of water to the crushed KI powder in the bowl and mix until the KI powder is dissolved in the water.
3. Take the KI water mixture solution made in step 2 and mix it with 4 teaspoonfuls of low fat white or chocolate milk, orange juice, flat soda, raspberry syrup, or infant formula.
4. The KI liquid mixture will keep for up to 7 days in the refrigerator. It is recommended that the KI liquid mixtures be prepared weekly. Throw away unused portions.
The amount of KI (130 mg tablet) in the drink when mixed as described above is 16.25 mg per teaspoonful. The number of teaspoonfuls of the drink to give your child depends on your child’s age as described in the following table:
Child’s Age Give your child this amount in teaspoonfuls.
Over 12 to 18 years old:
4 teaspoonfuls will give you a 65 mg dose who weigh less than 150 pounds
Over 3 to 12 years old: 4 teaspoonfuls will give you a 65 mg dose
Over 1 month to 3 years old: 2 teaspoonfuls will give you a 32.5 mg dose
Birth to 1 month: 1 teaspoonful will give you a 16.25 mg dose
Note: This is the amount to give your child for one single dose in teaspoonfuls (not tablespoonfuls). You should give your child one dose each day as recommended by the public officials.
Pregnant or breastfeeding women or babies under 1 month of age: Take as directed above and call a doctor as soon as possible. Repeat dosing should be avoided. It is recommended that thyroid function be checked in babies less than 1 month of age that take KI. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should also be checked by a doctor if repeat dosing is necessary. Although these precautions should be taken, the benefits of short-term use of KI to block uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland far exceed its chances of side effects.
Patients with thyroid disease: If you have both a nodular thyroid condition such as multinodular goiter with heart disease, you should not take KI. Patients with other thyroid conditions may take KI as directed above, but call a doctor if you need to take KI for more than a few days.
People who are allergic to iodine, have dermatitis herpetiformis or hypocomplementemic vasculitis, or have nodular thyroid disease with heart disease should not take KI. Keep out of the reach of children. In case of an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing, speaking or swallowing; wheezing; shortness of breath or swelling of the mouth or throat), call 911 or get medical care right away. In case of overdose, get medical help or call a
right away. Poison Control Center
HOW POTASSIUM IODIDE WORKS
Certain forms of iodine help your thyroid gland work right. Most people get the iodine they need from foods like iodized salt or fish. The thyroid can “store” or hold only a certain amount of iodine.
In a nuclear radiation emergency, radioactive iodine may be released in the air. This material may be breathed or swallowed. It may enter the thyroid gland and damage it. The damage would probably not show itself for years. Children are most likely to have thyroid damage. If you take KI, it will block or reduce the chances that radioactive iodine will enter your thyroid gland.
WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE POTASSIUM IODIDE
People should avoid KI if they are allergic to iodine, have dermatitis herpetiformis or hypocomplementemic vasculitis, or have nodular thyroid disease with heart disease, because these conditions may increase the chances of side effects to iodine.
HOW AND WHEN TO TAKE POTASSIUM IODIDE
KI should be taken as soon as possible after public officials tell you. If you are told to repeat the dose, you should take the second dose 24 hours after the first dose. Do not take it sooner. More KI will not help you because the thyroid can “hold” only certain amounts of iodine. Taking more than 1 dose per day will increase the chances of side effects. The public officials will tell you how many days to take KI. You should take KI until the chances of major exposure to radioactive iodine by breathing or swallowing stops.
Short-term use of KI at the recommended dose is safe. You should not take this drug for longer than you are told.
Possible side effects include: swelling of the salivary glands, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach ache, fever, headache, metallic taste, and allergic reactions. Allergic reactions can include
• skin rashes such as hives
• swelling of various parts of the body such as the face, lips, tongue, throat, hands or feet
• fever with joint pain
• trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing
• wheezing or shortness of breath Get medical attention right away if you have trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing; wheezing; shortness of breath; or swelling of the mouth, tongue or throat.
Taking iodide, in rare cases, may cause over activity of the thyroid gland, under activity of the thyroid gland, or enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter). Symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland may include an irregular heart beat and chest pain. Patients with thyroid disease are more likely to get these side effects. Babies under 1 month of age are more likely to get an under active thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
WHAT TO DO IF SIDE EFFECTS OCCUR
Stop taking KI and call a doctor if you have one or more of the following symptoms:
• swelling of the face, hands or feet
• fever and joint pain
• skin rash
Stop taking KI and get medical help right away if you have one or more of the following symptoms:
• trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing
• shortness of breath or wheezing
• swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
• irregular heart beat or chest pain
Potassium iodide tablets, USP. Packages of 14 tablets. Each white, round, cross-scored tablet contains 130 mg potassium iodide. Store at 20-25° C (68-77° F). Keep dry and foil intact.
Distributed by: Anbex Inc.
10 East 40th Street 25th Floor New York, NY 10016 www.anbex.com
Friday, July 1, 2016
All inverters when at idle/standby (not supplying current to a device) draws what’s called a phantom or idle current. This can be an unnecessary drain on your batteries overnight. One way around it is to turn the inverter OFF when not needed, but this can be inconvenient if all lighting or fans you use are 110v.
I have two inverters, both are low-cost, modified sine wave units 87% and 88% efficient purchased from Harbor Freight. One is a 400/800 watt unit and the other is a 1000/2000 watt unit. The 2000 watt is for running a microwave and used only when needed.
Idle current is how much current an inverter draws in a ‘stand by mode’ ready to produce 110volt current for any appliance, fan or lamp that needs inverted power. It’s important to know this amount of current especially if you have a low wattage solar system mounted on an RV or Bug Out Van roof and it’s not possible to align your panels to a perfect angle to capture as much sun energy (watts) as possible. This means you have to be frugal with all the solar power you have available. Turning off the inverter when not needing it will save amps.
For this test, I purchased a load/current meter to verify solar device power consumption:
DROK® Digital Multimeter DC 6.5-100V 20A Voltage Amperage Power Energy Meter DC Volt Amp Tester Gauge Monitor LCD Digital Display with Blue Backlight Measuring Volts Current with Built-in Shunt for $13.99.
At just $13.99 this is a deal! I’ve seen similar ones at $120.00
It displays battery voltage, amp draw, watt draw and total watt hours consumed also has a built in shunt. Everything is contained in this unit. The display here show the power used with the inverter off.
The meter can be panel mounted. However, I attached 12ga wire and alligator clips to use as a portable test instrument.
Wiring diagram on back side.
The first thing I tested was the idle current of my two inverters and was a little surprised at what I found:
The idle current draw for the smaller 400/800 watt unit is:
0.26 amps (idle current is not specified in the manual or online)
The idle current draw for the larger 1000/2000 watt unit is:
0.37 amps (idle current specified in the manual is 0.8 amps)
The two inverters I own and use:
The 400/800 watt on the left and the 1000/2000 on the right.
Inverter test results:
Meter display before attaching either inverter:
Meter display with the 400 watt inverter attached and idling.
Meter display with the 1000 watt inverter attached and idling.
The Voltage reading varies due to small clouds in the area at the time of testing.
What does all this mean?
Let’s use a typical 80 amp hour solar battery. That means the battery can supply 80 amps before it is totally depleted and ruined. Most solar people and battery manufacturers recommend for the longest life from a solar battery is to not discharge more the 20% so in the case of this 12v, 80ah battery you have only “16 amps” to consume before recharging.
If for example:
Using the 1000w inverter that needs 0.37 amps just to idle and you have a charging window from 8:00am until 6:00pm is just 11 hours when the sun can re-charge your system. I have 13 hours of ‘0’ charging time which means 13 x 0.37 = 4.8 amp drain on the battery or approximately 1/3 of the battery’s total usable amps for nothing! Turning off the inverter saves amps for when you need them.
So the summary of this article?Is simply turn off the inverter when not needed and let the panels replace as much current as possible to the batteries!
Wednesday, June 22, 2016
I have and use three cameras. The two I use most often are a Nikon Coolpix S9200 point and shoot with video, the other is a Sony HDR-CX220 Video camera. The Sony is an entry level video camera but does a very good job. The only thing I wish the Sony had would be a plug-in port for a remote mic, corded or wireless for uniform audio volume control regardless of the distance from the camera.
The Nikon has great software, just plug the cord into the camera then into the computer, it tells you what it’s doing and it downloads the pics to the correct folder every time automatically. No messing around.
The Sony is a different matter. The Sony software is complicated and was not written for people who technically challenged. The biggest issue I have with it is it does not use a pop up windows to show you it’s transferring data or when it’s completed, just leaves you guessing. To make things even worse it goes through Windows 8.1, what a pain, nothing automatic about it and no easy way I can figure out how to send the files directly to my video or picture folders like I can with the Nikon.
So, after some brain cramps I remembered I could buy a card reader (I don’t have one in my laptop) and simply slip the camera's card into it and download the vid’s or pic’s right to the folder I want, then erase the card and put it back into the camera and I’m good to go! Blood pressure is finally coming down especially after deleting the Sony junk software!
A simple little USB device with 4 ports for four different sized cards and was only $10.00 at Wal-Mart. Now, no matter what camera I use or borrow it’s easy to download without any complicated camera software and dedicated camera cables plus I avoid my Windows 8.1 and download directly to my preferred picture/video file folder.
The Chip Reader Adapter:
Shown standing on end, the 4 ports for the most popular data chips. Two in the end and two more in the side: